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Taxonomic Hierarchy

Loxodonta cyclotis

Author Name

(Matschie, 1900).

Citation

Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin, : p194.

Common Name

African Forest Elephant.

Type Locality

Yaunde, S Cameroon.

Distribution

C and W coast of Africa, including 21 countries from Senegal in the west to Uganda in the east.

Status

Current as of November 16, 2005, please see corresponding Web site reference for most recent status.

IUCN: www.iucnredlist.org
CITES: www.cites.org/eng/resources/species.html
US ESA: www.fws.gov/endangered/wildlife.html

CITES – Appendix I (as included in L. africana); U.S. ESA – Threatened (as included in L. africana); IUCN – Endangered (as included in L. africana).

Synonyms

albertensis Lydekker, 1907
cottoni Lydekker, 1908
fransseni Schouteden, 1914
pumilio Noack, 1906

Comments

See Laursen and Bekoff (1978, Mammalian Species, 92), where cyclotis was treated as a subspecies of L. africana. Grubb et al. (2000) presented morphological and some molecular data in support of upgrading cyclotis to a species category, separate species from africana, corroborating earlier hypothesis that Loxodonta cyclotis and L. africana are distinct species. Further, Grubb et al. (2000) supported the hypothesis that L. cyclotis is morphologically more primitive than L. africana. Roca et al. (2001) provided genetic evidence for two species in Africa. Evidence provided by Debruyne (2003), however, suggests that the African Forest Elephant and the African Bush Elephant are only subspecifically distinct – this taxonomic question has not yet been resolved.

Contributor

Jeheskel Shoshani, 2005.

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